Partner LGUs
Region 6: Western Visayas


free counters

visitors counter

Province of Leyte, Eastern Visayas, Philippines

Location Map of Baybay, Leyte
Quick Facts:

Name of the Mayor:  Hon. Carmen L. Cari (since July 1, 2010)
Population: .......... 102,526 (NSO, 2007)
Land Area: ........... 510.50 sq. km. (51,050 hectares)
Classification: ....... 1st Class Municipality
No. of Barangays: ... 92 (10 urban barangays)
Annual IRA: .......... PhP 146 Mio. (2009)

City/Municipal Profile:

Baybay is the largest municipality in terms of area in the province of Leyte, Philippines. Its cityhood status has been challenged and as of August 2010, it is reverted to being a municipality. The town is host to the 1,099-hectare Visayas State University campus. More than 70% of the town’s land area is considered forest and agricultural lands and the rest is open grasslands and built-up areas. Its topography is generally mountainous in the eastern portion as it slopes down west towards the shore line.

The municipality is accessible by land through major arterial highways of the island and by sea through its own seaport where ferries leave for Cebu. In general, the city’s climate is considered as Type IV or rainfall is distributed. Temperature ranges from 22-32°C while the average annual rainfall is around 3,000 mm. The people of Baybay speak a Cebuano-based dialect with Waray-waray and Surigaonon influences. The common means of livelihood are farming and fishing, along with a few cottage industries.

S.W.M. Profile:

LGU-Baybay has recently updated its Waste Analysis and Characterization Study (WACS). Initial results revealed that with a margin of error of 10%, Baybay residents generate an average of 0.52 kg/capita of waste per day; about 0.64 and 0.49 kg/capita/day are generated from urban and rural areas, respectively. Furthermore, loose bulk density data averaged 0.205 tons per m3. From this data, estimated waste generation for 2010 is 55 tons/day; Only half of this amount is collected by the city.

LGU-Baybay has had financial challenges in 2010. The Supreme Court decision in 2009 declaring the cityhood of Baybay was reversed again in mid-2010. Instead of receiving more than PhP 400 Mio annual budget, the LGU would now have to work on more than PhP 150 Mio budget, hence its major SWM projects would be affected as well. Nevertheless, initiatives such as updating of WACS, partial dumpsite closure and cost-recovery mechanism have been continued given the limited resources. The LGU also pioneered the creation of committees within its Solid Waste Management Board (SWMB) to simplify policy-making activities and program implementation by the SWMB. 

Material Resources Recovery, Recycling and Composting. The LGU has already incorporated into their plan the establishment of an MRF with composting facility at the proposed sanitary landfill (SLF) site. The previous proposal for composting equipment from the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) was not pushed through due to unavailability of LGU counterpart. It was supposed to process 0.5 tons of biodegradable waste per day from the urban barangays.

Dumpsite Closure and Rehabilitation. Pursuant to the Authority-to-Close (ATC) No. 10-2008-09 issued on October 2008, LGU-Baybay has already fully implemented the closure and rehabilitation plan for the 0.25-hectare dumpsite at Barangay Kambonggan.

The disposal site that the LGU is currently utilizing in the meantime is located at a 3.4-hectare site in Barangay Imelda. The said site was originally intended as Baybay’s SLF with features such as access road and peripheral drainage control but the area was considered small. The facility presently operates as a controlled dump facility and LGU-Baybay is currently working on its closure and rehabilitation plan (CRP) to be submitted to EMB-8. Still, it was reported that LGU-Baybay has already implemented slope stabilization and monthly soil cover activities at the site. About one (1) hectare has already been closed, which translates to 30% accomplishment.

Sanitary Landfill Establishment. Meanwhile, the SLF site identification process has been completed in 2009. The Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) already furnished a favorable hydro-geological assessment report for its proposed site in Barangay Buenavista. The LGU has already purchased the 13.8-ha lot at PhP 9.7 Mio. Despite continuous rains in early 2010, all data from the topographic survey have already been collected and is now being processed into a map at the municipal planning and development office (MPDO).

Cost Recovery. The municipality of Baybay has been collecting annual waste fees from its business establishments as embedded in its 2006 local SWM ordinance. The total SWM fee collection through its business permit system in 2007 was PhP 0.9 Mio, PhP 1.0 Mio in 2008, PhP 0.9 Mio in 2009 and PhP 1.0 Mio in 2010. This amount could have been higher if barangays, as stipulated in their 2006 local ordinance, have collected and remitted waste fee charges of PhP 10/month/household to the city government. Presently, the LGU has been conceptualizing a tag or sticker-based system to collect PhP 2.50 per week from households.

After a SWM full-cost accounting workshop (FCA) conducted by GIZ-AHT SWM4LGUs, Baybay noted that from 2007 to 2010, personnel services (job orders for waste collection) = PhP 200*365*39 = PhP 2,847,000/year while maintenance costs for sanitary trucks = PhP 120,000*12*4 = PhP 5,760,000/year. In addition, the LGU has also been spending PhP 600,000/year from 2007 to 2010 for dumpsite closure and rehabilitation. That means that with annual expenses of PhP 9,207,000, their cost recovery rate in 2010 was 10.9%. This figure still needs to be improved as the LGU has already spent in 2008 around PhP 5 Mio for dumpsite access road rehabilitation and around PhP 9.7 Mio to purchase the lot and construct the access road for its sanitary landfill last 2009.

SWM Initiatives / Pilot Projects

Baybay City, Leyte has been actively implementing various solid waste management projects. A number of fact sheets had been documented to share the story of why and how the LGU undertook these initiatives. It also features lessons learned and way forward for these LGUs. Such experiences might not apply to all but their stories could inspire others to benchmark, if not replicate, SWM practices.   

Fact sheets [*] or published papers [*] on selected pilot projects can be downloaded as follows: 

GIZ-AHT SWM4LGUs / Baybay Municipality / Updated Feb 2011